Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a gynecological condition that affects 1 in 10 women of childbearing age and can cause serious side effects. If this statistic includes you, Dr. Sowmya Reddy and the medical team at Alpha OBGYN in Alpharetta and Cumming, Georgia, help you manage PCOS symptoms to improve your quality of life. Call to learn more about treatment options, or use the online scheduling today.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) occurs when your adrenal glands or ovaries produce excessive amounts of male hormones. This causes cysts, or fluid-filled sacs, to grow on the ovaries and produces complications associated with PCOS. Seeking treatment reduces symptoms and restores your quality of life.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
The PCOS symptoms you’ll experience vary based on how severe your condition is. Common PCOS signs and symptoms you may notice include:
- Pelvic pain
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Excess hair growth on the chest, stomach, thighs, or face
- Thick skin patches
- Oily skin or acne
If you have PCOS, you have an increased risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease. PCOS is more common among women with a family history of PCOS and those who are obese.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
If you experience symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome, Dr. Reddy and her team may complete the following steps to diagnose your condition:
- A physical examination
- Blood tests
- A pelvic exam
During a pelvic exam, Dr. Reddy inspects your reproductive organs to look for growths, masses, and other abnormalities. She may order blood tests to check hormone levels, glucose tolerance, and triglycerides or blood cholesterol. She uses vaginal ultrasound to view the inside of your uterus and ovaries.
How is PCOS treated?
There isn’t a cure for PCOS, but Dr. Reddy lets you know how to control symptoms and treat complications PCOS may cause. If you’re overweight, she offers diet and exercise advice to help you achieve a healthy weight, as a 5% weight loss may improve PCOS symptoms.
Dr. Reddy may prescribe birth control pills or other medications to normalize hormone levels, help you ovulate, improve menstrual irregularities, and reduce excessive hair growth.
If you’re having difficulty getting pregnant as a result of PCOS, Dr. Reddy may recommend one or more of the following infertility treatments:
- Infertility medications
- In vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Minimally invasive surgeries
If you have PCOS, you can still lead a normal, healthy life. When you’re ready to find out if you have PCOS or ease symptoms associated with it, call Alpha OBGYN today, or use the online scheduling tool.